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African Governance Report IV - 2016

Measuring Corruption in Africa - The International Dimension Matters

image of African Governance Report IV - 2016

This 4th edition of the African Governance Report provides a critique of perception-based measurements of corruption as well as an assessment of existing alternative, mostly mixed, measures of corruption. It highlights that pure perception-based measurements are highly subjective and do not provide insights into the institutional and policy reforms needed to combat corruption and improve economic governance. They also fail to take into account the international dimension of corruption. The report argues that the problem of corruption has to be assessed and addressed in the context of overall economic governance, taking into consideration both its domestic and international dimensions. It also presents policy recommendations related to improving transparency and accountability, enhancing ownership and participation in the fight against corruption, building credible national economic governance institutions, and improving the regional and global economic governance architecture.

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Appendix A

The basic adaptation of the formula of the index (equation 1 in Escresa and Picci, 2015a) that is needed in order to compute that index for groups of countries, does the following: the number of observed cases, and of expected cases, which concur to the computation of the formula for the index, are summed within subregions of countries, and then those sums are used to compute the index at the subregional level. Its values represent multiples of a benchmark of one hundred, corresponding to a world average of sort. The index has a zero lower bound, which obtains when there is no detected corruption, and no upper bound whereby corruption is an arbitrary multiple of the 100 benchmark – corresponding to a world average of sort.

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