African Security Governance

Emerging Issues

image of African Security Governance
Africa faces a seemingly ever-increasing range of security challenges. This book is a result of research carried out over a number of years by the Southern African Defense and Security Management Network (SADSEM) on many of these new and emerging security issues, in cooperation with the Danish Institute for International Studies and the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung. The broad focus is on security governance – the role of state and a wide range of social actors in the areas of both human and state security. It deals with a range of sectors, themes and national case studies and makes an important contribution to debates on security sector reform. The topics covered include policing transformation, intelligence governance, regulation of private security actors, challenges of nuclear proliferation, regional security, peace diplomacy and peace missions, the relationship between development and security and new challenges in governance of the military.



Governing intelligence in the South African transition, and possible implications for Africa

Any assessment of intelligence services is bedevilled by several factors: firstly, the reality that intelligence services are generally shielded by legislation and norms promoting secrecy, making scrutiny of their governance arrangements difficult. Secondly, measuring the performance and value-add of intelligence services is difficult. This has much to do with the fact that intelligence services are expected as their core business to predict future events and trends in the security landscape, making their success indicators difficult to anticipate and plan for. To make matters worse, public commentators cannot readily review their outputs, since the dissemination of their reports is so strictly circumscribed. Members of the public — indeed, anyone who has no direct access to them — are expected to trust their judgement, a condition which tends to unravel uneasily when crises arise and intelligence failures come to the fore (Lustgarten & Leigh 1994; Todd & Bloch 2003).


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