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Disarmament: A Basic Guide

Fourth Edition

image of Disarmament: A Basic Guide

Conceived as a comprehensive introduction to a field central to the work of the United Nations, Disarmament: A Basic Guide aims to provide a useful overview of the nuanced challenges of building a more peaceful world in the twenty-first century. It was written with the general reader in mind and it strives to be accessible without downplaying the complexity of the issues it explores. This fourth edition includes updated figures, tables and treaty statuses; new analysis of the key developments since 2012; discussion of two recently agreed legal instruments, the Arms Trade Treaty and the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons; and a new chapter on emerging threats from cyber weaponry, unmanned combat aerial vehicles and lethal autonomous weapons systems.

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Global military expenditures

Global military expenditure, after many years of growth in the Cold War period, decreased from US$ 1.2 trillion in 1985 to $809 billion in 1998, reflecting cuts in every region except Asia, where spending was up by more than a quarter during the 1990s. During this time, the number of military personnel and the levels of weapons production and stockpiles were all reduced. According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), the United States, which accounts for the single largest piece of the global spending pie, dropped its military spending by one third during the decade 1989-1999. The Russian Federation also reduced arms expenditures in that period; in 1998 it spent only one fifth of what the former Soviet Union had spent 10 years earlier.

English

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