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United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 1979

image of United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 1979
The volume 4 compiles the disarmament resolutions and decisions of the General Assembly, the voting patterns in the General Assembly and the First Committee report and dates of their adoption.

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Cessation of Nuclear-Weapon tests

Since the mid-1950s the cessation of nuclear-weapon tests has been looked upon and discussed as a highly important measure of disarmament. The most significant achievement which has resulted so far from those discussions is the Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and Under Water, which was signed on 5 August 1 963 by the USSR, the United Kingdom and the United States and entered into force on 10 October of the same year. Since that time the overwhelming majority of nuclear tests have been carried out only in the underground environment and some 110 States have become parties to the Treaty, generally known as the partial test-ban Treaty. Two nuclear-weapon States, China and France, are not parties, but, in 1974, France stated that it would continue only with underground testing, and since that time it has refrained from exploding nuclear weapons in the prohibited environments.

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