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United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 1980

image of United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 1980
The volume 5 compiles the disarmament resolutions and decisions of the General Assembly, the voting patterns in the General Assembly and the First Committee report and dates of their adoption.

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Declaration of the Indian Ocean as a zone of peace

Following some initial peace initiatives outside of the United Nations pertaining to the region, the question of establishing a zone of peace in the Indian Ocean was included in the agenda of the General Assembly for the first time in 1971, under an item entitled “Declaration of the Indian Ocean as a zone of peace”, at the request of Sri Lanka, later joined by the United Republic of Tanzania. The result of that request was the adoption of resolution 2832 (XXVI), by which the General Assembly solemnly declared that the Indian Ocean, within limits to be determined, together with the air space above and the ocean floor subjacent thereto, was designated for all time as a zone of peace. In the context of the Declaration, the Assembly called upon the great Powers to enter into consultations with the littoral States of the Indian Ocean with a view to halting the further expansion of their military presence in the Indian Ocean and eliminating from the area all bases, military installations and logistical supply facilities, nuclear weapons and weapons of mass destruction, and any manifestation of great-Power military presence conceived in the context of great-Power rivalry. It also called upon the littoral and hinterland States of the Indian Ocean, the permanent members of the Security Council and other major maritime users of the Indian Ocean to enter into consultations with a view to the implementation of the Declaration by taking necessary action to ensure that: (a) warships and military aircraft might not use the Indian Ocean for any threat or use of force against the sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence of any littoral or hinterland State of the Indian Ocean in contravention of the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations; (b) subject to the foregoing and to the norms and principles of international law, the right to free and unimpeded use of the zone by vessels of all nations was unaffected; and (c) appropriate arrangements were made to give effect to any international agreement that might ultimately be reached for the maintenance of the Indian Ocean as a zone of peace.

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