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United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 1981

image of United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 1981
The volume 6 compiles the disarmament resolutions and decisions of the General Assembly, the voting patterns in the General Assembly and the First Committee report and dates of their adoption.

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Limitation of the buildup and transfer of conventional arms on a world-wide and regional basis

The world today is more militarized than at any other peace-time period in history. More than one hundred countries in all regions are engaged to some degree in some type of arms race or at least the acquisition of additional arms. Indeed, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) calculates that during 1980 some 130 countries in Africa, Asia, Europe, North America, Oceania and South America, together devoted nearly $500 billion to military expenditures, with China, Japan and the member States of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the Warsaw Treaty Organization together accounting for an estimated 80 per cent of that amount. In that light and against the occurrence of incidents of armed conflict in many regions, a seemingly unfavourable international economic situation, and the apparent weakening of détente, particularly among the great Powers, the requirement for arms restraint and disarmament during 1981 was indeed urgent.

English

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