United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 1984

image of United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 1984
The volume 9 compiles the disarmament resolutions and decisions of the General Assembly, the voting patterns in the General Assembly and the First Committee report and dates of their adoption.



Comprehensive programme of disarmament

Although the basic objectives of the regulation of armaments and of disarmament have remained constant since the creation of the United Nations, the approach to the subject and the scope of the negotiations have undergone changes, reflecting the political climate prevailing in a given period. While during the period 1952 to 1955 the objective was the regulation, limitation and balanced reduction of armaments in a coordinated comprehensive programme, between 1958 and 1962 and in the mid-1960s the partial approach was given greater emphasis in the hope that some first steps, by increasing confidence, would create a favourable atmosphere for comprehensive agreements, or at least enable the achievement of results in the near term. However, the interest in the comprehensive approach was not abandoned, and in the late 1960s it received a new impetus. In August 1969, in the introduction to his annual report on the work of the Organization,' the Secretary-General of the United Nations, U Thant, included a reference to a proposal for the designation of the 1970s as a Disarmament Decade and, in that context, expressed the view that the General Assembly could establish a specific programme and timetable for dealing with all aspects of arms limitation and disarmament. The Assembly welcomed and discussed the proposal and, on 16 December 1969, adopted resolution 2602 E (XXIV), by which it declared the 1970s a Disarmament Decade and, among other things, requested the CCD, while continuing intensive negotiations with a view to reaching the widest possible agreement on collateral measures, to work out at the same time a comprehensive programme dealing with all aspects of the problem of the cessation of the arms race and general and complete disarmament under effective international control, which would provide a guideline to chart the course of future negotiations.


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