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United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 1985

image of United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 1985
The volume 10 compiles the disarmament resolutions and decisions of the fortieth session of the General Assembly, the voting patterns in the General Assembly and the First Committee report and dates of their adoption. It summarizes developments and trends in 1985 on key issues of multilateral consideration at the international and regional levels. Reviews the activity of the fortieth session of the General Assembly, the Conference on Disarmament and the Disarmament Commission. Contains a timeline that highlights events in multilateral disarmament in 1985.

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Nuclear-Weapon-Free zones

The concept of nuclear-weapon-free zones, as a partial disarmament measure, has been advocated by many countries over the last three decades as a means of halting the spread of nuclear weapons. It is believed that the absence of nuclear weapons from a particular region would spare the countries concerned the threat of nuclear attack or involvement in nuclear war and contribute to the achievement of disarmament, particularly nuclear disarmament. Furthermore, the establishment of nuclear-weapon-free zones has been considered an effective means of assuring the non-nuclear-weapon States against the use of nuclear weapons, thus enhancing their security. Since 1957, several proposals for the establishment of nuclear-weapon-free zones have been made and a number of them have been reflected in the decisions of the General Assembly at its subsequent sessions. The Final Document of the Tenth Special Session of the General Assembly stated that the establishment of nuclear-weapon-free zones on the basis of arrangements freely arrived at among the States of the region concerned constituted an important disarmament measure, and that the process of establishing such zones in different parts of the world should be encouraged with the ultimate objective of achieving a world free of nuclear weapons.

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