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United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 1985

image of United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 1985
The volume 10 compiles the disarmament resolutions and decisions of the fortieth session of the General Assembly, the voting patterns in the General Assembly and the First Committee report and dates of their adoption. It summarizes developments and trends in 1985 on key issues of multilateral consideration at the international and regional levels. Reviews the activity of the fortieth session of the General Assembly, the Conference on Disarmament and the Disarmament Commission. Contains a timeline that highlights events in multilateral disarmament in 1985.

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Declaration of the Indian Ocean as a zone of peace

An item entitled “Declaration of the Indian Ocean as a Zone of Peace” was included in the agenda of the General Assembly in 1971 at the initiative of Sri Lanka and, subsequently, the United Republic of Tanzania. It led to the adoption of resolution 2832 (XXVI), by which the Indian Ocean, within limits to be determined, together with the airspace above and the ocean floor subjacent thereto, was designated for all time as a zone of peace. The Assembly also called upon the great Powers to enter into consultations with the littoral States of the Indian Ocean with a view to halting the further escalation of their military presence there and eliminating from the area all bases, military installations and logistical supply facilities, nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction. Furthermore, it called upon the littoral and hinterland States of the Indian Ocean, the permanent members of the Security Council and other major maritime users of the Indian Ocean to enter into consultations aimed towards the implementation of the Declaration whereby (a) warships and military aircraft would not use the Indian Ocean for any threat or use of force against any littoral or hinterland State; (b) the right to free and unimpeded use of the zone by the vessels of all nations would be ensured; and (c) international agreement would be reached for the maintenance of the Indian Ocean as a zone of peace.

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