United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 1985

image of United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 1985
The volume 10 compiles the disarmament resolutions and decisions of the fortieth session of the General Assembly, the voting patterns in the General Assembly and the First Committee report and dates of their adoption. It summarizes developments and trends in 1985 on key issues of multilateral consideration at the international and regional levels. Reviews the activity of the fortieth session of the General Assembly, the Conference on Disarmament and the Disarmament Commission. Contains a timeline that highlights events in multilateral disarmament in 1985.



Chemical and bacteriological (biological) weapons

The Brussels Declaration of 1874 and the Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907, which banned the use of poisons and poisoned bullets in warfare, and a separate declaration of the Hague Convention of 1899 which condemned the use of projectiles for the sole purpose of diffusing asphyxiating or deleterious gases represented the first attempts of the international community in modem times to prohibit chemical weapons. Yet it turned out during the First World War that too little had been done to that end. Although the chemical agents of the time were much less toxic than those now available and were dispersed by relatively simple means, their widespread use caused some 1,300,000 casualties, more than 100,000 of them fatal. That shocking experience gave new impetus to efforts to come to grips with the problem and produced what for the last 60 years has been regarded as the basic instrument for the elimination of chemical warfare: the Geneva Protocol of 17 June 1925. It prohibits the use in war of asphyxiating, poisonous or other gases and of all analogous liquids, materials or devices, as well as of bacteriological methods of warfare. As of 31 December 1985, it had 107 States parties.


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