1887

United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 1988

image of United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 1988
The volume 13 compiles the disarmament resolutions and decisions of the forty-third session of the General Assembly, the voting patterns in the General Assembly and the First Committee report and dates of their adoption. It summarizes developments and trends in 1988 on key issues of multilateral consideration at the international and regional levels. Reviews the activity of the forty-third session of the General Assembly, the Conference on Disarmament and the Disarmament Commission. Contains a timeline that highlights events in multilateral disarmament in 1988.

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Chemical and bacteriological (biological) weapons

The first attempts to eliminate chemical and bacteriological (biological) weapons date back to the Brussels Declaration of 1874 and the Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907, which banned the use of poisons and poisoned bullets in warfare, and a separate declaration of the Hague Convention of 1899 that condemned the use of projectiles for the sole purpose of diffusing asphyxiating or deleterious gases. Nevertheless, during the First World War the widespread use of chemical agents caused some 1,300,000 casualties, more than 100,000 of them fatal. Those tragic figures contributed to a new global awareness of the need to prevent chemical warfare and to the emergence of the basic instrument for its elimination, the Geneva Protocol of 17 June 1925. The Protocol prohibits the use in war of asphyxiating, poisonous or other gases and of all analogous liquids, materials or devices, as well as of bacteriological methods of warfare. As of 31 December 1988, the Protocol had 112 States parties (see appendix I of this volume).

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