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United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 1989

image of United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 1989
The volume 14 compiles the disarmament resolutions and decisions of the forty-fourth session of the General Assembly, the voting patterns in the General Assembly and the First Committee report and dates of their adoption. It summarizes developments and trends in 1989 on key issues of multilateral consideration at the international and regional levels.

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Nuclear-Arms limitation and disarmament

Not long after atomic weapons were first developed, and then with the advent of thermonuclear weapons and the recognition of their devastating power, the international community became aware that it faced the risk of self-destruction. The measures proposed to avert or reduce that risk include the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons; the cut-off of the production of fissionable material for weapons purposes; a freeze on the production of additional nuclear weapons; the restriction or prohibition of the deployment by nuclear-weapon States of nuclear weapons on the territories of other States; and, more generally, the limitation, reduction and elimination of nuclear weapons and their delivery systems. Yet the number and destructive capability of the available nuclear weapons have continued to increase, amounting to what has been called “overkill capacity”. In addition to the five nuclear-weapon States—China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States—from 15 to 25 other States are believed to be able to develop nuclear weapons, should they decide to do so.

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