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United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 1989

image of United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 1989
The volume 14 compiles the disarmament resolutions and decisions of the forty-fourth session of the General Assembly, the voting patterns in the General Assembly and the First Committee report and dates of their adoption. It summarizes developments and trends in 1989 on key issues of multilateral consideration at the international and regional levels.

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Cessation of all nuclear-test explosions

The discontinuance of nuclear-weapon was considered for the first time as an independent subject by the General Assembly in 1957. A first step towards this objective was the conclusion in 1963 of the Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and under Water (the partial test-ban Treaty). In the preamble, the original parties, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States, state that they seek to achieve “the discontinuance of all test explosions of nuclear weapons for all time” and express their determination to continue negotiations to that end. The other two nuclear-weapon States, China and France, have not become parties but, since 1980 and 1974 respectively, they have in fact conducted only underground tests. France, in 1974, and China, in 1986, stated formally that they would not conduct atmospheric tests in the future.

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