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United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 1990

image of United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 1990
The volume 15 compiles the disarmament resolutions and decisions of the forty-fifth session of the General Assembly, the voting patterns in the General Assembly and the First Committee report and dates of their adoption. It summarizes developments and trends in 1990 on key issues of multilateral consideration at the international and regional levels. Reviews the activity of the forty-fifth session of the General Assembly, the Conference on Disarmament and the Disarmament Commission. Contains a timeline that highlights events in multilateral disarmament in 1990.

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Economic aspects of disarmament

In this post-cold-war era, many countries face the task of reallocating financial, human and material resources from the military to the civihan sector of their national economies. After rapid increases in the early 1980s, world-wide military spending has either stabilized or declined. Still, global military spending continues to amount to some $900 billion per year; the bulk of it is consumed by conventional weapons and armed forces, even in the nuclear-weapon States. The industrial countries account for some 80 per cent of global military expenditures. It is now hoped that the achievement of arms control agreements such as the INF Treaty and the CFE Treaty, possible further cuts in the nuclear strategic arsenals of the Soviet Union and the United States, unilateral cuts in military expenditures and armaments in a number of Eastern European countries, and efforts to reduce and lower the level of armed forces in other regions will lead to drastic reductions in strategic and conventional weapons.

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