United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 1991

image of United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 1991
The volume 16 compiles the disarmament resolutions and decisions of the forty-sixth session of the General Assembly, the voting patterns in the General Assembly and the First Committee report and dates of their adoption. It summarizes developments and trends in 1991 on key issues of multilateral consideration at the international and regional levels. Reviews the activity of the forty-sixth session of the General Assembly, the Conference on Disarmament and the Disarmament Commission. Contains a timeline that highlights events in multilateral disarmament in 1991.



Non-Proliferation of nuclear weapons

The treaty on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons, commonly referred to as the non-proliferation Treaty or NET, is considered to be one of the first major arms control agreements and a fundamental instrument for preventing the spread of nuclear weapons. Upon ratification by 40 non-nuclear-weapon States, it entered into force on 5 March 1970. The Treaty is the basic legislative authority underlying a global non-proliferation regime. That regime is supported by the safeguards system of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), which operates to prevent the diversion of nuclear materials to military or other prohibited activities. The system must be accepted by all non-nuclear-weapon States parties to the Treaty. Under article VIII of the Treaty, four conferences have been held to review its operation: in 1975, 1980, 1985 and 1990. Under article X, a conference is to be held 25 years after its entry into force, to decide whether it shall continue in force indefinitely or shall be extended for an additional fixed period or periods.


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error