United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 1991

image of United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 1991
The volume 16 compiles the disarmament resolutions and decisions of the forty-sixth session of the General Assembly, the voting patterns in the General Assembly and the First Committee report and dates of their adoption. It summarizes developments and trends in 1991 on key issues of multilateral consideration at the international and regional levels. Reviews the activity of the forty-sixth session of the General Assembly, the Conference on Disarmament and the Disarmament Commission. Contains a timeline that highlights events in multilateral disarmament in 1991.



Economic aspects of disarmament

The possibility of reallocating financial, human and material resources from the military to the civilian sector of national economies has received increasing attention on the part of the international community as a result of the post-cold-war relaxation of political tensions among the major military Powers. World-wide military spending, which increased considerably in the early 1980s, has recently stabilized at the level of some $900 billion per year, or declined. The industrial countries account for some 80 per cent of global military expenditures. There are expectations that recent arms limitation agreements may lead to significant reductions in strategic and conventional weapons; major military spenders were, in 1991, planning a reduction of between 3 and 8 per cent per annum in their military expenditures.


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