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United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 1994

image of United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 1994
The volume 19 compiles the disarmament resolutions and decisions of the forty-ninth session of the General Assembly, the voting patterns in the General Assembly and the First Committee report and dates of their adoption. It summarizes developments and trends in 1994 on key issues of multilateral consideration at the international and regional levels. Reviews the activity of the forty-ninth session of the General Assembly, the Conference on Disarmament and the Disarmament Commission. Contains a timeline that highlights events in multilateral disarmament in 1994.

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Transparency and the arms register

Transparency, that is, the systematic provision of information under informal or formal international arrangements, was not, until recently, a concept closely associated with the rather secretive field of military security and armaments. Advanced technology has, however, brought such changes in weaponry and altered the understanding of national security so greatly that what was valid yesterday is no longer the rule today. Indeed, in a world that has become much more integrated economically and politically, a world in which security in isolation is no longer possible, there are serious reasons for introducing a large measure of transparency—and the same is true of verification—in matters related to defence policies and armaments, with a view to reducing misunderstanding or miscalculation of military activities and thereby contributing to the development of trust and more stable relations between States. For these reasons, the General Assembly has, in a number of ways, promoted transparency in armaments as part of the general process of confidence-building.

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