United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 1995

image of United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 1995
The volume 20 compiles the disarmament resolutions and decisions of the fifties session of the General Assembly, the voting patterns in the General Assembly and the First Committee report and dates of their adoption. It summarizes developments and trends in 1995 on key issues of multilateral consideration at the international and regional levels. Reviews the activity of the fifties session of the General Assembly, the Conference on Disarmament and the Disarmament Commission. Contains a timeline that highlights events in multilateral disarmament in 1995.



Nuclear-Weapon-Free zones; the African Nuclear-Weapon-Free-Zone treaty

The concept of a nuclear-weapon-free zone was first developed in the late 1950s as a possible complementary measure to efforts to establish a global regime for the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons. Soon, however, it acquired prominence in its own right as a regional approach—as an expression of the desire of a group of non-nuclear-weapon States to protect themselves from nuclear testing and from the potential danger of nuclear confrontation and to preclude the deployment of nuclear weapons on their territories and in adjacent areas. Given this broad objective, the establishment of nuclear-weapon-free zones and acceptance of their terms by the nuclear-weapon States had to be considered in the light of the military-strategic situation obtaining during the cold war.


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