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United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 2001

image of United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 2001
The volume 26 compiles the disarmament resolutions and decisions of the fifty-sixth session of the General Assembly, the voting patterns in the General Assembly and the First Committee report and dates of their adoption. It summarizes developments and trends in 2001 on key issues of multilateral consideration at the international and regional levels. Reviews the activity of the fifty-sixth session of the General Assembly, the Conference on Disarmament and the Disarmament Commission. Contains a timeline that highlights events in multilateral disarmament in 2001.

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Biological and chemical weapons

Years of persistent endeavours by the international community to outlaw two categories of weapons of mass destruction, namely, biological and chemical weapons, resulted in the conclusion of the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC)—the first multilateral disarmament treaty banning an entire category of weapons of mass destruction, and the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), the first such treaty to be negotiated completely within a multilateral disarmament forum, the Conference on Disarmament (CD). The United Nations has sought to promote universal participation in the two instruments and compliance with their provisions ever since they were opened for signature in 1972 and 1993 respectively. In addition, States have continuously reaffirmed the necessity of upholding the principles and objectives of the 1925 Geneva Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare.

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