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United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 2002

image of United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 2002
The volume 27 compiles the disarmament resolutions and decisions of the fifty-seventh session of the General Assembly, the voting patterns in the General Assembly and the First Committee report and dates of their adoption. It summarizes developments and trends in 2002 on key issues of multilateral consideration at the international and regional levels. Reviews the activity of the fifty-seventh session of the General Assembly, the Conference on Disarmament and the Disarmament Commission. Contains a timeline that highlights events in multilateral disarmament in 2002.

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Regional disarmament

Regional Approaches to Disarmament and confidence building measures continued to be applied by States to enhance their security and to address issues specific to their region or subregion. Although the United Nations Charter has envisaged a substantive role for regional organizations in promoting international peace and security, it was not until the end of the cold war that they assumed a more active role. The need for a regional approach to disarmament was stressed in two 1992 reports of the Secretary-General, and the United Nations has facilitated regional and subregional efforts aimed at preventing or resolving conflicts, easing tension and building confidence among States of a given region or subregion. The Disarmament Commission (UNDC) adopted, by consensus, guidelines and recommendations for regional approaches to disarmament in 1993 and for nuclear-weapon-free zones in 1999. During recent years, the United Nations has intensified its cooperation with regional and subregional organizations to promote disarmament as the benefits of such interaction have become more apparent. The three regional centres of the Department for Disarmament Affairs (DDA), established in the 1980s, provide practical support for these approaches in Africa, Asia and the Pacific, and Latin America and the Caribbean.

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