UNODA Occasional Papers No.2: Missile Development and its Impact on Global Security, September 1999

image of UNODA Occasional Papers No.2: Missile Development and its Impact on Global Security, September 1999
The Department for Disarmament Affairs, renamed United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs in 2007 (UNODA) Occasional Papers is a series of ad hoc publications presenting, in edited form, papers or statements made at meetings, symposiums, seminars, workshops or lectures that deal with topical issues in the field of arms limitation, disarmament and international security. They are intended primarily for those concerned with these matters in Government, civil society and in the academic community. This publication presents the panel discussion at the 1999 symposium on Missile Development and its Impact on Global Security. Discussions focused on the future of the missile technology control regime (MTCR); no place for missile programmes in South America; missile proliferation and international security; the MTCR, the post-modern State and deterrence; and the missile threat: perceptions and prescriptions.



Missile proliferation and international security

This paper highlights issues relating to missile proliferation and its technological and security underpinnings, ballistic missile defences and the future of ballistic missiles. Concerning missile proliferatiin, it focuses on India's situation explaining that eight countries are capable of targeting India's heartland with missiles. In response, India has acquired capabilities and developed its missile programme with a view to safeguarding its national security. Looking at the ballistic missile and missile technology market, the paper states that the diffusion of technologies often is motivated by strategic-commercial interests resulting in "selective proliferation" without regard to the vulnerability of nations to missile attacks. Citing analysts in India, the paper suggests that the deployment of TMDs would trigger an arms race in outer space that would destabilize regions and possibly lead to the revival of the cold war. A comprehensive and non-discriminatory treaty prohibiting ballistic missiles along an incremental time-bound route is presented as the only measure to serve the interest of international security in the long run.


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