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UNODA Occasional Papers No. 34

The Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention - Twenty Years of Saving Lives and Preventing Indiscriminate Harm

image of UNODA Occasional Papers No. 34

This publication describes the achievements and shortfalls of the first twenty years of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction, which entered into force on 1 March 1999. Published with the aim of bringing together diverse perspectives on this key instrument of humanitarian disarmament, the paper was written by pioneers and luminaries of the movement that helped achieve the Convention and that committed themselves towards realizing the Convention’s full implementation. Each chapter contains discussions of an element of the Convention.

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Universalizing the Convention: Practical means

The Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention benefited from international momentum and attention from the moment of its negotiation over 20 years ago. Some 122 States signed it when it opened for signature in December 1997 and, as at October 2019, it had 164 States parties. States themselves, international organizations, United Nations entities, civil society and other partners have contributed to attracting widespread adherence to the Convention through numerous means. We review here a few of these means that have worked well in recent years. None of them work in isolation or constitute a magic bullet; it is always the simultaneous deployment of several of these means, and sometimes over a very long period of time, that yields results.

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