UNODA Occasional Papers No.8: Disarmament and Non-Proliferation Regimes, September 2004

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The Department for Disarmament Affairs, renamed United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs in 2007 (UNODA) Occasional Papers is a series of ad hoc publications presenting, in edited form, papers or statements made at meetings, symposiums, seminars, workshops or lectures that deal with topical issues in the field of arms limitation, disarmament and international security. They are intended primarily for those concerned with these matters in Government, civil society and in the academic community.



Export control: multilateral cooperation among smaller groups of states

All treaties discussed above contain obligations of their parties to prevent the unauthorized export of materials, equipment and technology that could be used in weapons programmes. The regimes are complemented by multilateral cooperation among smaller numbers of member states. These more exclusive regimes deal specifically with rules for export controls. The Zangger Committee, Nuclear Suppliers' Group (NSG), the Australia Group (for chemical and biological weapons), the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) and the Wassenaar Arrangement (for conventional weapons) all set up criteria for export licensing, lists of items to be controlled, and procedures for information exchange. A more recent approach, the Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI), deals with the situation after export controls have failed, for intstance, the interception of international transport of WMD-related materials, equipment and technologies.


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