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报告 国际麻醉品管制局 2013 年

image of 报告 国际麻醉品管制局 2013 年
The report contains an analysis of the drug control situation worldwide so that Governments are kept aware of existing and potential situations that may endanger the objectives of the international drug control treaties. Divided into four parts, it covers the following topics: drugs and corruption, functioning of the international drug control system, analysis of the world situation and finally, a set of recommendations to Governments, the United Nations and other relevant international and regional organizations. A set of Annexes follows as well.

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前言

国际麻醉品管制局(麻管局)2013 年年度报告标志着一个特殊的里程碑:这是自麻 管局于1968 年根据1961 年《麻醉品单一公约》 设立以来的第45 次年度报告。这一 期间,在解决全球毒品问题方面出现了多种严峻挑战,也做出了重大努力。尤其是, 《1961 年公约》得到几乎所有国家遵守,表明各国政府对确保为医疗和科研目的提 供麻醉药品并同时防止其被转移和滥用的分担责任原则所作的承诺。为应对随后给 毒品管制带来的例如在防止精神药物滥用的同时确保其为医疗之目的的供应等挑战、 化学品用于非法制造麻醉药品和精神药物以及毒品贩运等问题,各国制定并通过 了如今仍然有效的另外两项国际毒品管制公约:1971 年《精神药物公约》 和1988 年 《联合国禁止非法贩运麻醉药品和精神药物公约》。这些公约也得到了几乎普遍遵守。

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