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世界毒品报告 2014

image of 世界毒品报告 2014

The World Drug Report provides an annual overview of the major developments in drug markets for the various drug categories, ranging from production to trafficking, including development of new routes and modalities, as well as consumption. Chapter 1 of the World Drug Report 2014 provides a global overview of the latest developments with respect to opiates, cocaine, cannabis and amphetamines (including “ecstasy”) and the health impact of drug use. Chapter 2 zeroes in on the control of precursor chemicals used in the manufacture of illicit drugs.

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前体管制

多年来,为了以综合的方式解决世界毒品问题,会员国和国际社会制定了许多策略,包括减少需求方案 (预防、治疗),减少供给干预措施(缉毒、捣毁贩毒组织、替代发展方案、根除),以及努力监控非 法资金流动。自1988年《联合国禁止非法贩运麻醉药品和精神药物公约》通过以来,减少供应方面的另 一项关键干预措施日益重要起来:前体化学品的管制,也就是管制用来制造植物型毒品和合成毒品的化 学品。早在1990年代,化学品行动特别工作组就指出,“采购制造毒品所必需的化学品是少数关键点之 一……贩毒与合法商业纵横交错。监管合法商业,不让贩毒者获得其所需要的化学品,这是我们打击毒 品犯罪最宝贵的工具之一。”1随着时间的推移,这一点益发重要,因为如今市场上的非法毒品中合成毒 品的比例越来越大,而替代发展或根除等适用于植物所制物质的传统供应管制措施已无法适用。

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