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世界毒品报告 2014

image of 世界毒品报告 2014

The World Drug Report provides an annual overview of the major developments in drug markets for the various drug categories, ranging from production to trafficking, including development of new routes and modalities, as well as consumption. Chapter 1 of the World Drug Report 2014 provides a global overview of the latest developments with respect to opiates, cocaine, cannabis and amphetamines (including “ecstasy”) and the health impact of drug use. Chapter 2 zeroes in on the control of precursor chemicals used in the manufacture of illicit drugs.

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非法毒品市场的最新统计和趋势分析

从全球来看,2012年,15-64岁的世界人口中估计约有5.2%(范围:3.5-7.0%),即大约2.43亿人(范围: 1.62亿-3.24亿人)在上一年至少使用过非法毒品一次,主要使用的是大麻、阿片类药物、可卡因或苯丙胺 类兴奋剂之类的物质。虽然男女非法吸毒状况因国家和所用物质而异,但一般而言,非法吸毒的男性人数 很可能超过妇女的两到三倍。1尽管非法毒品使用状况的区域趋势变幻不定,但全球毒品使用的总体流行率 尚属稳定。同样,从常规吸毒者和吸毒致病者或吸毒致瘾者来看,问题毒品使用人数也保持稳定,大约为 2,700万人(范围:1,600万-3,900万人)。

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