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国际管制药物供应情况: 确保医疗和科研所用药物的充分供应

不可或缺、充分供应且不受不当限制

image of 国际管制药物供应情况: 确保医疗和科研所用药物的充分供应
This supplement to the INCB’s Annual Report 2015 analyses global access to narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances. The report provides an introduction to the drug control conventions, human rights, action taken by the Board, and the report’s methodology. It focuses on narcotic drugs, examining supply and demand of opiate raw materials and opioids, availability of opioid analgesics, and impediments to their access for medical and scientific purposes, while analysing the situation of psychotropic substances, considering their use as analgesics, anti-epileptics, anxiolytics, sedative-hypnotics and stimulants. It also covers the topic of availability of internationally controlled drugs for the treatment of opioid dependence, and looks into simplified provision in emergency situations.

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内容提要

医疗和科研所用药物不可或缺且充分供应:这是《经1972年议定书修正的1961年麻醉品单一公约》所规定的两条基本原则。其后,精神药物也被确认为在医疗与科研用途上不可或缺。在1971年《精神药物公约》中,各缔约国还确认,这类药物的供不应受到过度限制。

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