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A Century of International Drug Control

image of A Century of International Drug Control
The international drug control system is one of the oldest consensus-based multilateral systems in existence. While the use of psychoactive substances itself extends back many centuries, today’s international drug control system is rooted in efforts made a century ago to address the largest substance abuse problem the world has ever faced: the Chinese opium epidemic. The present volume is not a diplomatic history, it aims only to present the basic development of the modern drug control system: why and how it arose, how it impacted drug production and consumption and its legacy for present and future international drug control efforts.

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The development of the legal framework and codification of the international control system

The international conference on narcotic drugs convened in Shanghai represented the first time the actual situation related to the main producing and consuming countries was analysed in detail. In addition, the first attempts were made to come to an agreement on limiting shipments of narcotic drugs. It can thus legitimately be considered the starting point of the international drug control system. The sections which follow detail the evolution of the central concept of this system: individual States enacting, within the limits of their jurisdiction, national policies, legislation and resources, in compliance with the provision of the international drug treaties.

English

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