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Global Illicit Drug Trends 1999

image of Global Illicit Drug Trends 1999

While the supply side dimensions of the international drug problem have been recognized for decades, the demand side has traditionally been considered a domestic issue, not conducive to international assessment. The present report, based on data obtained primarily from the annual reports questionnaires (ARQ) received by UNDCP up to February 1999, presents not only the supply side data but also the demand side data, in an effort to give a balanced approach in the assessment of the drug problem. In addressing the global trends in illicit drug supply and trafficking, the report discusses cultivation, manufacture, trafficking routes, methods of transportation and seizures. On the demand side, the report focuses on global trends, the extent of drug abuse, drug abuse among youth and prison populations, modes of intake and costs and the consequences of drug abuse. Comprehensive statistical tables, presented for multiple years, will greatly facilitate comparative studies.

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Introduction

11. Part one of this report provides an overview of global and some regional trends in illicit drug production and trafficking, with particular reference to opiates (opium, morphine and heroin), cocaine, cannabis (herbal and resin) and psychotropic substances (stimulants, hallucinogens and depressants). The focus is both on recent developments and emerging trends. The chapters presented provide summary analyses and graphical presentations of issues such as illicit cultivation, production and manufacture of drugs, as well as the patterns, routes, methods and extent of trafficking and the prices of drugs. In the annex, detailed statistics are presented on seizure volumes, manufacturing activities (detection of laboratories) and drug prices.

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