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Global Illicit Drug Trends 2000

image of Global Illicit Drug Trends 2000

The present report, based on data obtained primarily from the annual reports questionnaire (ARQ) sent by Governments to UNDCP in 1999, presents not only the supply side data but also the demand side data, in an effort to give a balanced approach in the assessment of the drug problem. In addressing the global trends in illicit drug supply and trafficking, the report discusses cultivation, manufacture, trafficking routes, methods of transportation and seizures. On the demand side, the report focuses on global trends, the extent of drug abuse, drug abuse among youth and prison populations, modes of intake and costs and the consequences of drug abuse. Numerous tables, graphs and maps enrich the report.

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Trafficking

Assessed global interception rates for heroin and cocaine in 1998, based on reported seizures as against estimated potential levels of availability, were 17% and 46% respectively, representing substantial increases upon the respective average figures of 10% and 33% observed over a number of years. The higher success rate in respect of cocaine may stem from the greater geographic concentration of illicit coca bush cultivation and coca production, which are effectively limited to Colombia, Peru and Bolivia. They may also be attributable to the fact that most cocaine supply is directed towards just two regions - North America and Western Europe, though Brazil and South Africa are emerging as significant sites of consumption. Cocaine is more often transported by sea or air than by land transport, which enables more focussed enforcement strategies and countermeasures to be directed against it. Consignments of opiates, by contrast, pass predominantly across land frontier crossings, where enforcement bodies’ efforts are usually less focussed.

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