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Migrant Smuggling Data and Research

A Global Review of the Emerging Evidence Base

image of Migrant Smuggling Data and Research
The report shows that important research has been undertaken on the transnational crime aspects of migrant smuggling, including on routes, smuggling organizations (such as criminal networking and facilitation), smuggler profiles and fees/payment. Likewise, there is an emerging academic literature on migrant smuggling, particularly the economic and social processes involved in smuggling, which has largely been based on small-scale qualitative research, mostly undertaken by early career researchers. Contributions from private research companies, as well as investigative journalists, have provided useful insights in some regions, helping to shed light on smuggling practices. There remains, however, sizeable gaps in migration policy research and data, particularly in relation to migration patterns and processes linked to migrant smuggling, including its impact on migrants (particularly vulnerability, abuse and exploitation), as well as its impact on irregular migration flows (such as increasing scale, diversity and changes in geography). Addressing these systemic and regional gaps in data and research would help deepen understanding of the smuggling phenomenon, and provide further insights into how responses can be formulated that better protect migrants while enhancing States’ abilities to manage orderly migration.

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North Africa

This chapter provides an overview of migrant smuggling in North Africa, and presents a survey of existing literature and data on the topic. In assessing the research conducted on the topic, and the extent to which data has been collected or is currently being collected, this chapter will outline areas for further research and make recommendations for ways in which research and data can be used to inform policies and programmes. The literature review has focused on a selection of studies considered relevant in terms of methodology and date of publication but is in no way comprehensive. The writing of this chapter was also supported by a number of key informant interviews with practitioners in the countries of assessment.

English

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