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Recommended Principles and Guidelines on Human Rights and Human Trafficking

Commentary

image of Recommended Principles and Guidelines on Human Rights and Human Trafficking
The Recommended Principles and Guidelines have been developed in order to provide practical, rights-based policy guidance on the prevention of trafficking and the protection of victims of trafficking. The Commentary on the Recommended Principles and Guidelines on Human Rights and Human Trafficking aims at providing further concrete guidance on the prevention of human trafficking and the protection of victims of trafficking. States and intergovernmental organizations are encouraged to make use of the Principles and Guidelines, as well as the Commentary, in their own efforts to prevent trafficking and to protect the rights of trafficked persons.

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Introduction 2.2

In the context of trafficking in persons, prevention refers to positive measures to stop future acts of trafficking from occurring. Policies and activities identified as “prevention” are generally those considered to be addressing the causes of trafficking. While there is not yet universal agreement on the complex matter of causes, the most commonly cited causative factors are those that: (i) increase vulnerability of victims and potential victims; (ii) create or sustain demand for the goods and services produced by trafficked persons; and (iii) create or sustain an environment within which traffickers and their accomplices can operate with impunity. From this perspective, prevention can be seen to include a wide range of measures – from providing women with fair and equal migration opportunities, to strengthening the criminal justice response in order to end impunity and deter future trafficking related crimes.

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