Social Panorama of Latin America 2014

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Residential segregation and the reproduction of inequalities

Socioeconomic groups generally exhibit distinctive location patterns within cities. If these patterns involve physical distances that hinder or prevent interaction, recognition and cooperation between these groups, social cohesion and city governance are likely to be weakened. Where the location pattern of socioeconomic groups contributes to perpetuating social inequalities in the city (either by blocking the upward social mobility of disadvantaged groups, by creating privileges and rents for affluent groups, or by segmenting and excluding the poor from the circuits through which the different kinds of capital flow), socioeconomic residential segregation ensues, posing a fundamental challenge for the development of inclusive and sustainable cities.

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