State of Implementation of the United Nations Convention Against Corruption

Criminalization, Law Enforcement and International Cooperation - Second Edition

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This second edition of State of Implementation of the United Nations Convention against Corruption: Criminalization, Law Enforcement and International Cooperation, which was launched during the 7th session of the Conference of the States Parties (Vienna, 6-10 November 2017).The study is based on the findings and results emanating from the first cycle reviews of the implementation of the Convention by 156 States parties (2010-2015).It contains a comprehensive analysis of the implementation of chapters III (Criminalization and law enforcement) and IV (International cooperation) of the Convention. More specifically, the study: (a) identifies and describes trends and patterns in the implementation of the above-mentioned chapters, focusing on systematic or, where possible, regional commonalities and variations; (b) highlights successes and good practices on the one hand, and challenges in implementation on the other; (c) provides an overview of the emerging understanding of the Convention and differences in the reviews, where they have been encountered.




The present study has identified an evolving process of legislative change in the anticorruption legal frameworks of the majority of States parties over recent years, which has led to notable advances in the direction envisaged in article 1 of the Convention, at least with regard to the criminalization of corruption, law enforcement, and international cooperation. As observed during the implementation reviews, combating corruption is ranked among the highest governmental priorities in many States parties, and substantial resources are devoted to it. In a considerable number of countries, statutory amendments and structural reforms have been combined to produce coherent and largely harmonized criminalization regimes; tangible results in terms of legislative and regulatory enforcement action, indictments and convictions, even in cases involving high-level corruption; and strong cooperative networks for extradition, mutual legal assistance and transnational law enforcement. Representatives of the private sector and civil society organizations, in particular, reported that investigations into and prosecution of corruption offences in the countries involved had increased in the last few years, although further efforts could be made to ensure the consistency and effectiveness of implementation. In that context, it emerged that the Convention has already played a significant role in triggering reform efforts and continues to serve as a fundamental basis for the establishment of effective anti-corruption regimes.


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