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World Drug Report 2008

image of World Drug Report 2008

The Report continues to provide in depth trend analysis of the four main drug markets in its first section. In addition, to mark the one hundred year anniversary of the Shanghai Opium Commission, and one hundred years of international drug control, the Report contains an in-depth look at the development of the international drug control system. The Report also contains a small statistical annex which provides a detailed look at production, prices and consumption. As in previous years, the present Report is based on data obtained primarily from the annual reports questionnaire (ARQ) sent by Governments to UNODC in 2007, supplemented by other sources when necessary and where available. Two of the main limitations herein are: (i) that ARQ reporting is not systematic enough, both in terms of number of countries responding and of content, and (ii) that most countries lack the adequate monitoring systems required to produce reliable, comprehensive and internationally comparable data. National monitoring systems are, however, improving and UNODC has contributed to this process.

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A century of international drug control

This chapter looks back at 100 years of drug control. It opens with a brief history of the opium trade, and illustrates how national governments were able to move beyond their individual commercial interests to embrace a system of international norms created for the common good. It then looks at the efforts made over a century to codify a global approach to controlling addictive substances and the complex negotiations that resulted in the present body of international law. It closes with a brief assessment of the progress made and the challenges that lie ahead.

English Spanish, French

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