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World Drug Report 2009

image of World Drug Report 2009

The World Drug Report aims to enhance Member States’ understanding of global illicit drug trends, and to sensitize all Governments about the need for more systematic collection and reporting of data related to illicit drugs. UNODC relies on Member States to provide data, primarily through the annual reports questionnaire (ARQ). This year, out of some 200 distributed questionnaires, UNODC received 118 replies to the drug abuse section and 116 replies to the illicit supply of drugs section. In general, the ability of Member States to provide information on illicit drug supply is significantly better than their ability to provide demand-related data. Despite commendable progress, for example in the area of prevalence estimates, far more remains to be done to provide a solid, reliable basis for trend and policy analysis.

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Executive summary

The year 2008 saw some encouraging reductions in the production of cocaine and heroin. In cooperation with the affected states, UNODC conducts annual crop surveys in the countries that produce the vast bulk of these drugs. These surveys show a reduction in opium poppy cultivation in Afghanistan of 19% and a reduction in coca cultivation in Colombia of 18%. Trends in other production countries are mixed, but are not large enough to offset the declines in these two major producers. Although data are not complete enough to give a precise estimate of the global reduction in opium and coca production, there can be little doubt that it did, in fact, decrease.

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