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2008年关于工业统计的国际建议

image of 2008年关于工业统计的国际建议

The present publication is a component of the United Nations Statistics Division initiative for strengthening countries methodological and operational foundation for industrial statistics. Although this publication makes recommendations for industrial statistics, many elements of its recommendations, like those for the definition and delineation of statistical units and its guidance on a data-collection strategy and data compilation practices, are generally applicable to the development of an integrated economic statistics system for business statistics in general, with a view to collecting, compiling and reporting basic economic data across economic activities, in the most cost-efficient manner, consistent with macroeconomic statistics. This publication is designed to provide a comprehensive methodological framework for the collection and reporting of industrial statistics in all countries, irrespective of the level of development of their statistical systems.

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第 八 章 数据质量和元数据

工业统计数据时一个复杂程序的终端产品,这个程序包括诸多阶 段,如数据收集和处理阶段、统计数据编纂和发布阶段。工业统计数据质量测 量涉及到向使用者提供充分的信息,帮助使用者判断数据的质量是否充分符合 其用途,换言之,判断数据是否“适合使用”。例如,数据使用者必须能够判 定满足其特定数据需求的概念框架和定义与收集和处理数据时所采用的概念框 架和定义相同或充分接近。使用者还应能够判断数据准确度符合其期望用途或 解释的程度。统计办公室为确保统计信息质量而采取的所有措施都在于质量管 理。

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