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海 运述 评 2018年

image of 海 运述 评 2018年

The Review of Maritime Transport is an UNCTAD flagship publication, published annually since 1968. Around 80 per cent of the volume of international trade in goods is carried by sea, and the percentage is even higher for most developing countries. The Review of Maritime Transport provides an analysis of structural and cyclical changes affecting seaborne trade, ports and shipping, as well as an extensive collection of statistical information.

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国际海运贸易动态

2017 年世界海运贸易的发展势头强劲,贸易量提高 了4%,为五年来的最快增速。随着世界经济复苏 和全球商品贸易升温,世界海运贸易量估计达107 亿吨,其中干散货商品占增长量的近一半。考虑到 基数效应较低,所有的细分市场都从经济复苏中获 益。集装箱贸易和干散货商品均实现最大增速。继 前两年的疲弱表现之后,2017 年集装箱贸易增长了 6.4%。同时,干散货商品贸易增长了4.0%,增幅高 于2016 年的1.7%。原油运输量增长了2.4%,增幅 低于2016 年的4%,而精炼石油产品和天然气增长 了约3.9%。

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