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人类发展 报告2019

超越收入,超越平均,超越当下: 21世纪人类发展的不平等

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Inequalities in human development are a roadblock to achieving the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. They are not just about disparities in income and wealth. They cannot be accounted for simply by using summary measures of inequality that focus on a single dimension. And they will shape the prospects of people that may live to see the 22nd century. The 2019 Report explores inequalities in human development by going beyond income, beyond averages and beyond today. It asks what forms of inequality matter and what drives them, recognizing that pernicious inequalities are generally better thought of as a symptom of broader problems in a society and economy. It also asks what policies can tackle those drivers—policies that can simultaneously help nations to grow their economies, improve human development and reduce inequality.

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人类发展的不平等:21世纪不断变动的目标

这一章考虑了两个主要问题:人类发展的不平等现状如何?它们是如何改变的?人类发展中 的许多不平等夹杂着不公平。假设两位都出生于2000年的儿童,一位出生在极高人类发展水 平国家,一位出生于低人类发展水平国家 (图 1.1)。我们对他们如今成年的生活的前景是什 么样的?我们知道他们有巨大的不同。第一位很可能与如今发达国家大多数20多岁的年轻人 一样,正在接受高等教育。她或他正准备成为一个高技能人才,生活在一个高度全球化和竞 争的世界。

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