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可持续发展目标报告2019年

image of 可持续发展目标报告2019年

The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2019 presents how far we have come towards reaching the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This fourth edition of the annual report contains a review of the all 17 Goals. It uses the latest available data and inputs from custodian agencies of the United Nations system other international agencies and is prepared by the Statistics Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs.

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良好健康与福祉

世界在改善数百万人的健康方面取得了重大进展。孕产妇和儿童死亡率下降、全球预期寿命继续提高、特定传染病防治工作稳步推进。然而,在包括全球性协作消灭疟疾和肺结核等其他疾病方面进展缓慢或者停滞。太多的死亡是由于缺乏训练有素的卫生工作者或常规干预措施而造成的,例如无法得到免疫接种。事实上,世界上至少有一半人口仍然无法获得基本的医疗服务,这其中有许多人遭受经济困难。无论是富国还是穷国,健康紧急状况都可能使人们陷入破产或贫困。为实现全民健康保险和可持续的保健资金、处理包括精神疾病在内的 非传染性疾病日渐增加的负担,解决导致健康不良的抗菌素耐药性和环境因素(如空气污染,缺乏安全管理的水和卫生设施),各国需要就这些和其他问题作出协调一致的努力。

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