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人类发展 报告2019

超越收入,超越平均,超越当下: 21世纪人类发展的不平等

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Inequalities in human development are a roadblock to achieving the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. They are not just about disparities in income and wealth. They cannot be accounted for simply by using summary measures of inequality that focus on a single dimension. And they will shape the prospects of people that may live to see the 22nd century. The 2019 Report explores inequalities in human development by going beyond income, beyond averages and beyond today. It asks what forms of inequality matter and what drives them, recognizing that pernicious inequalities are generally better thought of as a symptom of broader problems in a society and economy. It also asks what policies can tackle those drivers—policies that can simultaneously help nations to grow their economies, improve human development and reduce inequality.

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超越平均的性别不平等:在社会规范和权力不平衡之间

性别差异仍然是所有国家最持久的不平等形式之一。1 由于此类劣势会影响世界人口的一半 ,因此性别不平等可以说是人类发展最大的阻碍之一。妇女和女童在健康、教育、家庭和劳 动力市场上过于频繁的受到歧视,这对她们的自由产生了负面后面。

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