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人类发展 报告2019

超越收入,超越平均,超越当下: 21世纪人类发展的不平等

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Inequalities in human development are a roadblock to achieving the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. They are not just about disparities in income and wealth. They cannot be accounted for simply by using summary measures of inequality that focus on a single dimension. And they will shape the prospects of people that may live to see the 22nd century. The 2019 Report explores inequalities in human development by going beyond income, beyond averages and beyond today. It asks what forms of inequality matter and what drives them, recognizing that pernicious inequalities are generally better thought of as a symptom of broader problems in a society and economy. It also asks what policies can tackle those drivers—policies that can simultaneously help nations to grow their economies, improve human development and reduce inequality.

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摘要

每个国家中都有大量的人群缺少未来的光明前景。他们缺少希望、意义和尊严,其他人继续 前进前往更繁荣的未来时,他们只能在社会的边缘旁观。全世界范围内,极端贫困人口已经 大大减少,但是更多的人口既没有机会、也没有资源控制自己的生活。很多时候,性别、族 裔或父母的财富仍然决定着一个人在社会中的位置。

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