African Statistical Yearbook 2012

image of African Statistical Yearbook 2012

The Yearbook series is a result of collaborative efforts by major African regional organizations to set up a joint data collection mechanism of socioeconomic data on African countries, as well as the development of a harmonized database. It seeks to promote wider use of country data, reduce costs, significantly improve the availability and quality of the data, and lead to better monitoring of development initiatives on the continent. The data in this issue of the Yearbook are arranged generally for the years 2003-2011, or for the last eight years for which data are available. It is published in a single volume consisting of two parts: a set of summary tables followed by country profiles.

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Social and demographic indicators

In 2010 an estimated 3.8 million children died in Africa before reaching their fifth birthday. About a quarter of the world’s live births occur in Africa, but so too do half of the total number of under-five deaths worldwide. Of the 26 countries worldwide with an under-five mortality rate (U5MR) of above 100 per 1,000 live births, 24 are in Sub-Saharan Africa. Figure 1 depicts the U5MR for Africa, Northern Africa, and Sub-Saharan Africa (per 1,000 live births). It also shows the five best and worst performers in the continent for this indicator.

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