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Arab Society: Compendium of Social Statistics - Issue No. 12

image of Arab Society: Compendium of Social Statistics - Issue No. 12
Arab Society: A Compendium of Social Statistics is the latest in a series of biennial compendia of the Statistics Division of the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA). It provides a general view of Arab society in the ESCWA region and the changes it has encountered over time. Drawing on data provided mainly from national statistics offices (NSOs), it focuses on issues of population, labour, housing conditions, education, poverty, health and culture. Each issue of the Compendium focuses on a single theme. The twelfth issue of the Compendium concerns household composition and family formation.

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Population

Countries in the Arab region have reached different stages of demographic transition, resulting in diverse demographic features for the region. This is owing to a wide range of country-specific social, economic, political, and cultural factors. Currently, region includes countries with markedly different population sizes, age-sex structures, growth rates, and population composition. These features are determined by the speed of change, namely fertility, mortality and international migration (including labour migration and war-related population displacements). Understanding demographic change is crucial from a policy perspective because it affects almost all aspect of life and has important implications for the labour market, economic growth, employment potential, housing needs and demand for education, health, and social services in any country. Reliable data on the size and structure of populations, as well as on components of demographic change are, therefore, essential for understanding various aspects of social and economic trends and for informing public-policy decisions at the national level. Such data are also important for measuring performance against internationally agreed development goals.

English

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