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Asia-Pacific Countries with Special Needs Development Report 2017

Investing in Infrastructure for an Inclusive and Sustainable Future

image of Asia-Pacific Countries with Special Needs Development Report 2017

The Asia-Pacific countries with special needs development report 2017 introduces the access to physical infrastructure index as a tool to capture the multidimensional character of infrastructure and to illustrate the strong positive causality between infrastructure and sustainable development. The report highlights that significant infrastructure gaps exist among the countries with special needs, and estimates that these countries need to invest an average of 10.5 per cent of GDP per annum in infrastructure development and maintenance to close the infrastructure deficit, taking population growth, increasing urbanization and the impact of climate change into account. Such investment far exceeds current levels of infrastructure funding. Given the limited resource availability in countries with special needs, the report emphasizes that clear priorities are required for infrastructure development and that sequencing infrastructure investment is necessary by determining where the impact of additional infrastructure on sustainable development outcomes may be the largest.

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ESCAP access to physical infrastructure index

The multidimensional character of infrastructure makes comparison of infrastructure development across countries and time difficult. Nevertheless, to be able to quantitatively assess how physical infrastructure has improved in the region over the past decade, and to be able to compare how CSN perform relative to each other and to other developing countries in the region, this chapter presents a composite index, the ESCAP access to physical infrastructure index (APII). The index provides a quantitative assessment of the four sectors of physical infrastructure that have been highlighted as relevant to CSN in their respective programmes of action by capturing transport, energy, ICT and water supply and sanitation-related indicators. The composite index is aimed at highlighting the performance of CSN in these sectors and is intended to be used as a policy tool to help formulate infrastructure development policies that can support the implementation of sustainable development (Basu, 2017).

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