Asia-Pacific Countries with Special Needs Development Report 2017

Investing in Infrastructure for an Inclusive and Sustainable Future

image of Asia-Pacific Countries with Special Needs Development Report 2017

The Asia-Pacific countries with special needs development report 2017 introduces the access to physical infrastructure index as a tool to capture the multidimensional character of infrastructure and to illustrate the strong positive causality between infrastructure and sustainable development. The report highlights that significant infrastructure gaps exist among the countries with special needs, and estimates that these countries need to invest an average of 10.5 per cent of GDP per annum in infrastructure development and maintenance to close the infrastructure deficit, taking population growth, increasing urbanization and the impact of climate change into account. Such investment far exceeds current levels of infrastructure funding. Given the limited resource availability in countries with special needs, the report emphasizes that clear priorities are required for infrastructure development and that sequencing infrastructure investment is necessary by determining where the impact of additional infrastructure on sustainable development outcomes may be the largest.



Current state of physical infrastructure in countries with special needs

Economic conditions, geographic characteristics and demographic features of countries with special needs differ considerably as do their institutional capacities, which are critical in prioritizing and sequencing infrastructure development and maintenance as well as selecting the most appropriate modality for financing these needs. Given the variation of these characteristics among the CSN and the differences in their level of development, the quality and type of infrastructure needs vary significantly in least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States.


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