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Assessment of Development Results - Algeria

image of Assessment of Development Results - Algeria
The Independent Evaluation Office of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) conducted a country level evaluation, an Assessment of Development Results (ADR) in Algeria in 2014. Assessments of Development Results (ADRs) are independent evaluations of the contribution of UNDP to the development results in the countries where it works. As a result of the terrorist attack on UNDP premises in December 2007 and its consequences, the ADR for Algeria looked at the period from 2009 to 2013, namely the last three years of the 2007-2011 cycle and the first two years of the current 2012-2014 programme cycle. Its objectives were: (i) to identify the progress made to achieve the expected results in the programme cycles in question; (ii) to analyse how UNDP Algeria is positioned, particularly in the post-terrorist attack context, to provide added value to the efforts made by the country in terms of development; (iii) to present the conclusions and the recommendations that will feed into the new programming frameworks of UNDP and the next country programme, scheduled to start in 2015.

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National context and development challenges

Algeria is the largest country in Africa and tenth largest in the world, with a surface area of 2,381,741 square kilometres covering Mediterranean landscapes, vast semi-arid high plains and the wide open spaces of the Sahara. In 2013, the population stood at 37.7 million, 80% of whom live in the north of the country on 4.3% of the territory, and 22% of whom are young people (15-24 years of age). Its large, young and growing (+1.35% a year) population, along with oil and gas resources and a gross domestic product (GDP) of US$161 billion in 2010, make Algeria a middle-income country and the second largest economy in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region after Egypt. Its per capita GDP (more than $7,000 in 2011) is one of the highest in the MENA countries. However the contribution of the private sector to GDP remains low.

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