Assessment of Development Results - Argentina

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This report on Argentina’s Assessment of Development Results (ADR) focuses on the following three thematic areas: fostering democratic governance; achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and reducing poverty under a human development perspective; and ensuring environmental sustainability. Reflecting on the characteristics of Argentina’s economic history, its current juncture and prospects, the ADR examined the past with a forward-looking perspective.



Executive summary

Argentina is located in the southern cone of South America, with an area of 2,766,890 sq km and a population of 40.482 million. Since the early part of the 20th century, the country has had the highest per capita income in Latin America and one of the lowest levels of poverty in the region. Notwithstanding the relatively low rates of growth during the second half of the 20th century and the transitory reversals in social conditions and poverty levels,Argentina has been able to maintain its high ranking in the Human Development Index. However, the country faces significant development challenges as the result of important income and regional disparities.


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