Assessment of Development Results - Bhutan

image of Assessment of Development Results - Bhutan

This report on Bhutan’s Assessment of Development Results (ADR) focuses on the following three thematic areas: fostering democratic governance; achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and reducing poverty under a human development perspective; and ensuring environmental sustainability. Reflecting on the characteristics of Bhutan’s economic history, its current juncture and prospects, the ADR examined the past with a forward-looking perspective.



Development context

In 1961, Bhutan ended its self-imposed isolation when the late King Jigme Dorji Wangchuck, the third monarch, launched the country on a path to modern development. Until then, Bhutan was a self-contained traditional rural society. People cultivated as much as they needed and had a sustainable relationship with nature. They bred animals, wove their own clothes and made pottery. There were practically no motorable roads; yaks, mules and horses were the principal modes of transport.


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