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Assessment of Development Results - Bosnia and Herzegovina

image of Assessment of Development Results - Bosnia and Herzegovina

The Assessment of Development Results (ADR) in Bosnia and Herzegovina covered the period from 2001-2008 and offers lessons that can strengthen UNDP programming in Bosnia and Herzegovina as well as contributing to the organization’s effectiveness and accountability. The evaluation found that in the context of transition, UNDP quickly established itself as a capable and reliable implementing agency for the government as well as donors. In particular, UNDP has contributed to policy development and dialogue, including the incorporation of pro-poor concerns and the Millennium Development Goals into the national development strategy; national human development reports and strategic research on key issues have also been important in informing policy. Other UNDP-supported initiatives, in human security, governance and social protection, have contributed to capacity development at various levels of government.

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Executive summary

The 1995 Dayton Peace Accords ended the ethnic conflict in Bosnia, which had cost many lives and left over two million people displaced or refugees. The peace agreement also set up the political and governing structure for Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH); the federal government structure comprised a state and two ethnically divided entities. A peacekeeping force led by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was deployed for secure implementation of the peace accord and, in 2004, responsibility for peacekeeping was transferred to the European Union (EU). A High Representative (who also serves as the European Union Special Representative), nominated by the Peace Implementation Council and endorsed by the UN Security Council, oversees the civilian implementation of the agreement.

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